Fear Perception of the COVID-19 Pandemic in Peru
Christian R. Mejia 1 * , J. Franco Rodriguez-Alarcon 2 3, Jean J. Vera-Gonzales 4, Vania L. Ponce-Lopez 5, Scherlli E. Chamorro-Espinoza 6, Alan Quispe-Sancho 7 8, Rahi K. Marticorena-Flores 6, Elizabeth S. Varela-Villanueva 6, Paolo Pedersini 9, Marcos Roberto Tovani-Palone 10 *
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1 Universidad Continental, Lima, PERU
2 Asociación Médica de Investigación y Servicios en Salud, Lima, PERU
3 Facultad de Medicina Humana, Universidad Ricardo Palma, Lima, PERU
4 Universidad Nacional Federico Villarreal, Lima, PERU
5 Universidad Nacional de Cajamarca, Cajamarca, PERU
6 Universidad Nacional Hermilio Valdizán, Huánuco, PERU
7 Escuela Profesional de Medicina Humana, Universidad Nacional de San Antonio Abad del Cusco, Cusco, PERU
8 ASOCIEMH CUSCO Asociación Científica de Estudiantes de Medicina Humana del Cusco, Universidad Nacional de San Antonio Abad del Cusco, Cusco, PERU
9 IRCCS Fondazione Don Carlo Gnocchi, Milan, ITALY
10 Ribeirão Preto Medical School, University of São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto, BRAZIL
* Corresponding Author


Introduction: Fear is a natural response to something unknown. In the current scenario, it is important to assess it in relation to the coronavirus disease-19 (COVID-19) pandemic in Latin American countries.
Objective: To determine the fear perception according to factors associated with the COVID-19 pandemic in Peru.
Methods: An analytical cross-sectional study was conducted based on a virtual questionnaire. The main question was “how much fear people had of COVID-19?”, using a scale from zero (without fear) to 10 (very fear). This scale was divided into tertiles, and the upper tertile was the reference category (compared to the middle and lower tertiles). Statistical significances between fear perception of COVID-19 and sociodemographic data were calculated.
Results: A total of 3887 participants responded the questionnaire about fear perception. In the multivariate analysis was found that women (adjusted prevalence ratio (aPR): 1.37; 95% confidence interval (CI) : 1.26-1.48; p<0.001), people aged 20-29 (aPR: 1.84; 95% CI: 1.06-1.50; p=0.005), 30-39 (aPR: 1.53; 95% CI : 1.28-1.82; p<0.001), 50-59 (aPR: 1.43; 95% CI: 1.12-1.84; p=0.005), and with 60 or more years (aPR: 1.46; 95% CI: 1.03-2.07; p=0.032), as well as respondents who had some risk for complications due to COVID-19 (aPR: 1.49; 95% CI: 1.32-1.69; p<0.001) were very afraid of the disease. On the other hand, people affiliated with evangelical religions (aPR: 0.79; 95% CI: 0.65-0.96; p=0.018), agnostics (aPR: 0.80; 95% CI: 0.68-0.94; p=0.008), atheists (aPR: 0.67; 95% CI: 0.48-0.95; p=0.024), and health professionals (aPR: 0.81; 95% CI: 0.70-0.93; p=0.003) were less afraid of COVID-19.
Conclusion: There was a notorious fear perception of the COVID-19 pandemic by the Peruvian population. In this context, the fear was associated with important variables. Thus, the provision of further emotional support services for this population should be considered in the face of the current pandemic.


This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Article Type: Original Article


ELECTRON J GEN MED, 2021 - Volume 18 Issue 3, Article No: em285

Publication date: 07 Mar 2021

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Article Downloads: 178

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