Psychological Factors Related to Fear of COVID-19 in the General Salvadoran Population
Marlon Elías Lobos-Rivera 1, Edgardo René Chacón-Andrade 1, Mauricio Cervigni 2 3 4, Miguel Gallegos 5 6 7, Pablo Martino 2 3 4, Tomás Caycho-Rodríguez 8 * , Ignacio Barés 2 9 10, Manuel Calandra 2 9 10, Angélica Nohemy Flores-Monterrosa 1, Víctor Manuel Ventura-Hernández 1
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1 Universidad Tecnológica de El Salvador, EL SALVADOR
2 Facultad de Psicología, Universidad Nacional de Rosario, ARGENTINA
3 Centro de Investigación de Neurociencias de Rosario (CINR-UNR), Rosario, ARGENTINA
4 Centro interdisciplinario de investigaciones en ciencias de la salud y del comportamiento (CIISAC), Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas, ARGENTINA
5 Universidad Católica del Maule, CHILE
6 Pontificia Universidade Católica de Minas Gerais, BRAZIL
7 Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas, ARGENTINA
8 Universidad Privada del Norte, PERU
9 Centro de Investigación en Neurociencias de Rosario, Facultad de Psicología, Universidad Nacional de Rosario, ARGENTINA
10 Laboratorio de Cognición y Emoción, Facultad de Psicología, Universidad Nacional de Rosario, ARGENTINA
* Corresponding Author

Abstract

Introduction: The objective of this article is to determine the psychological factors which are associated with the fear toward COVID-19 as experienced by the Salvadoran population in general.
Method: This study is exploratory, with a cross-sectional design. For data collection a digital survey in Google Forms was used. There was a non-probabilistic sample of 328 Salvadorans. The mean age in general was 27.90 years-old, with a standard deviation (SD) of 9.10; the mean age for men was 29.05 years-old (SD = 9.94), and the mean age for woman was 27.42 years-old (SD = 8.70).
Results: The results reveal the existence of small and medium correlations between anxiety, depression, instrumental support and positive social interaction with the variables of fear to COVID-19; the regression model predicted that the fear to COVID-19 depends on anxiety and affective support, predicting a 23% of fear to COVID-19, with medium effect.
Conclusion: This research suggests anxiety and affective support are explanation of the 23% of fear towards COVID-19 in Salvadoran population in general, findings provide useful information for future researches which perform a follow up or intervention in Salvadoran population in general.

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Article Type: Original Article

https://doi.org/10.29333/ejgm/11550

ELECTRON J GEN MED, 2022 - Volume 19 Issue 2, Article No: em351

Publication date: 14 Jan 2022

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Article Downloads: 88

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