Aim: The present study was carried out to assess the prevalence of
hepatitis C virus (HCV) in relation to sex, age, promotive factors,
associated symptoms and season among human urban population
of Multan, Pakistan for a period of 28 months from June 2003 -
Method: The present study was based on the data, collected
randomly from the human population aging from 1-72 years. The
population was divided into three age groups i.e old (age above 50
years), mature (age 13-50 years) and young (age below 13 years).
Results: The results from the present study suggested that among
the observed urban population of Multan (n= 1166), prevalence
of HCV was (6.68%). The prevalence of HCV when studied in different
age groups of both sexes, it was found that prevalence of
HCV was maximum (8.92%) in mature males as compared to young
males (6.66%) and old males (7.69%). The prevalence of hepatitis C
was higher (5.68%) in old females as compared to mature females
(5.03%) and young females (5.17%).
Conclusion: The main promotive factors for HCV were contaminated
barber, parlor tools (23.07%), unscreened blood transfusion
(17.94%), contaminated dentist equipments (17.94%), infected syringes
(15.38%), and contaminated surgery equipment (12.82%).
The reported cases of HCV positive patients were maximum in
summer (76.92%) as compared to (23.07%) in winter