Metabolic Disease and Chronic Kidney Disease among Women in Indonesia: A Cross-Sectional Population-Based Survey
Tri Wahyuni 1 * , Lianawati 1, Joanggi Wiriatarina Harianto 1, Ery Khusnal 2
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1 Faculty of Health and Pharmacy, Universitas Muhammadiyah Kalimantan Timur (UMKT), Kalimantan Timur, INDONESIA
2 Faculty of Health Sciences, Universitas ‘Aisyiyah Yogyakarta, Yogyakarta, INDONESIA
* Corresponding Author


Purpose: These study aims were to determine the prevalence and the associated factors of chronic kidney disease among women in Indonesia.
Methodology: This cross-sectional study used the data from the Indonesia Family Life Survey wave 5 (IFLS-5) during year 2014 to 2015. This cross-sectional national population survey used a multistage stratified random sampling to select the respondents to response to a structured questionnaire interview, laboratory test and anthropometric measurements. 14,141 women passed the inclusion criteria for the analysis. Multivariable logistic regression was used to determine the association. The average age of the respondents involved in this research was 37.40 years old.
Results: Only a small percentage of 1.07 percent of respondents noticed the prevalence of chronic kidney disease. There were 151 out of 14,141 respondents reported the presence of CKD. The final model of a multiple logistic regression indicated that cardiovascular and cholesterol were significantly associated with the Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) among women in Indonesia. Other significant covariate factors were age (above 50 years old), overweight or obesity and smoking.
Conclusion: Metabolic factors include cardiovascular and cholesterol as well as age, body mass index (BMI), and smoking were associated with CKD among women in Indonesia.


This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Article Type: Original Article

Electron J Gen Med, 2020 - Volume 17 Issue 2, Article No: em191

Publication date: 23 Feb 2020

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Article Downloads: 461

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