Comparison of the frequency of dental caries in asthmatic children under treatment with inhaled corticosteroids and healthy children in Sabzevar in 2017-2018
Kazem Hassanpour 1, Human Tehrani 1, Maryam Goudarzian 2, Sarah Beihaghi 3, Mina Ebrahimi 1, Parastoo Amiri 4 *
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1 Sabzevar university of medical sciences, Sabzevar, Iran
2 Iranian Research Center on Healthy Aging, Sabzevar University of Medical Sciences, Sabzevar, Iran
3 General Dentist, Sabzevar university of medical sciences, Sabzevar, Iran
4 Department of Health and Community Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
* Corresponding Author

Abstract

Background and Objective:
Regarding the prevalence of premature dental caries in childhood and the role of asthma as a risk factor for increased vulnerability to dental caries, the present study aimed to determine and compare the frequency of dental caries between asthmatic children under treatment with inhaled corticosteroids and healthy children.

Methodology:
In this case-control study, 70 children with asthma who were taking corticosteroid sprays for at least one year and 70 healthy children aged 3-12 visiting the clinic or office of pediatricians in 2017-2018 were selected as the sample based on convenient sampling method. Clinical examination for the diagnosis of dental caries was conducted using the decayed-missing-filled teeth (DMFT) index. The obtained data were statistically analyzed in SPSS-18.

Results:
The mean score of DMF index, in each of the subscales of decayed teeth (D/d), missing teeth (M/m), and filled teeth (F/f), was higher in asthmatic children compared to healthy children (p<0.05).

Conclusion:
The study findings suggest that it is necessary to pay a special attention to prevention programs including increasing the awareness of parents and training in strategies for the reduction of complications of drugs and providing organized dental care and services, especially for asthmatic children who are at greater risk of dental caries.

License

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Article Type: Original Article

https://doi.org/10.29333/ejgm/93478

Electron J Gen Med, 2019 - Volume 16 Issue 2, Article No: em119

Publication date: 22 Apr 2019

Online publication date: 15 Jul 2018

Article Views: 1244

Article Downloads: 877

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