Being An Infertile Woman in A Highly Fertile Region of Turkey: Stigmatisation and Coping Experiences
Sibel Kucuk 1 * , Fatma Koruk 2
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1 Department of Medical Services and Techniques, Health Services Vocational School, Harran University, Sanliurfa, TURKEY
2 Department of Nursing, Faculty of Health Sciences, Harran University, Sanliurfa, TURKEY
* Corresponding Author

Abstract

Objectives: In many societies, women’s status is determined by their fertility and motherhood, and having reproductive disorders creates additional problems for them. This study investigates the stigmatisation of infertile women and how they cope in a region with the highest fertility rate in Turkey.
Methods: The sample population this descriptive study comprised of infertile women who applied to the infertility clinic of a university hospital in Sanliurfa. In the pilot study conducted with 19 participants, the stigmatisation score was calculated as 86.1 + 35.6. Based on these values, the sample size obtained was 136 with a margin of error of 6 and confidence level of 95%. Data were collected through face-to-face interviews using a data collection form, the Infertility Stigma Scale (ISS), and the COPE inventory (COPE).
Findings: The mean Infertility Stigma Scale (ISS) total score of participants was found to be 87.6±27.9. Considering the maximum ISS score, it was determined that infertile women experienced a high level of stigmatisation. Findings obtained from the COPE inventory showed that participants mostly used problem-focused coping (59.8 ± 7.6) mechanisms to deal with stress due to infertility and preferred active coping, planning and disengagement.
Conclusions: This study shows that socio-demographic and cultural factors affect the level of stigmatisation of infertile women, and the higher the level of stigma, the more difficult it is for infertile women to cope with stress due to infertility.

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Article Type: Original Article

https://doi.org/10.29333/ejgm/11545

ELECTRON J GEN MED, 2022 - Volume 19 Issue 2, Article No: em346

Publication date: 13 Jan 2022

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Article Downloads: 392

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