The Hepatoprotective Capacity of Steeping kersen Leaves (Muntingia calabura L.) on Diabetic Rat
Ratna Indriawati 1 *
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1 Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta. Jl. Brawijaya, Tamantirto, Kasihan, Bantul, Yogyakarta, INDONESIA
* Corresponding Author

Abstract

Background: Diabetes Mellitus is a degenerative disease that causes many complications in which blood glucose levels and oxidative stress increase that can cause liver damage and characterized by the increase in liver enzymes namely SGOT and SGPT. Kersen (Muntingia calabura L.) is one kind of plants that has antioxidant activity because it contains flavonoids to prevent oxidative stress.
Methods: This study was an experimental research study design with pre and posttest control design. Thirty Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into 5 groups: group 1 (negative control), group 2 (metformin), group 3 (steeping kersen leaves of 250 mg/ 200 gr BW), group 4 (steeping kersen leaves of 500 mg/200 gr BW), and group 5 (steeping kersen leaves of 750 mg/200 gr BW). All groups induced with streptozotocine dose of 65 mg/kg BW and nicotinamide of 230 mg/kg BW for 5 days until the rats were with diabetes mellitus (fasting blood sugar> 135 mg/dl) and then given treatment for 14 days. GOD-PAP enzymatic method used glucose test, whereas a UV-Vis spectrophotometer used SGOT and SGPT test. Data were analyzed using paired t test and One Way Anova.
Results: The results of statistical tests with paired t test showed significant differences in the levels of SGOT and SGPT before and after treatment (p=0.0001). One way Anova test shows that there is significant decrease in each group (p=0.0001).
Conclusion: Steeping kersen leaves most effectively reduce levels of SGOT and SGPT in the dose of 750 mg/200 gr BW.

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Article Type: Original Article

https://doi.org/10.29333/ejgm/7888

ELECTRON J GEN MED, 2020 - Volume 17 Issue 5, Article No: em225

Publication date: 05 Apr 2020

Article Views: 973

Article Downloads: 1478

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