The Effect of Nutrition Education on Body Mass Index, Waist Circumference, Mid-upper Arm Circumference and Blood Pressure in Obese Adolescents
Normayanti 1 * , J. B. Suparyatmo 2, A. Prayitno 1
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1 Postgraduate Nutrition Science Study Program, Sebelas Maret University, Surakarta, INDONESIA
2 Dr. Moewardi Hospital Clinical Pathology Staff, Medical Faculty, Sebelas Maret University, Surakarta, INDONESIA
* Corresponding Author

Abstract

Purpose: The aim of the study was to determine the effect of nutrition education in the form of DASH diet booklets on body mass index, waist circumference, mid-upper arm circumference, and blood pressure in obese adolescents.
Methods: This study was quasi-experimental, which is pre-test and post-test with control group design. The number of subjects was 60 respondents. The groups in this study were divided into two; one treatment group and one control group. The first group was given a nutrition education intervention with a booklet and the second group was not treated. Data analysis used paired t-test and independent t-test (p=0.05; CI=95%), Wilcoxon test, Mann-Whitney test, and Spearman rank test.
Results: There were differences in BMI, waist circumference, mid-upper arm circumference, and significant systolic blood pressure in the treatment group after the intervention. The mean average of the treatment group decreased significantly; BMI: 0.36±0.05 kg/m2; waist circumference: 0.84±0.14 cm; mid-upper arm circumference: 0.37±0.63 cm, and systolic blood pressure: 1.13±1.36 mmHg. In the control group the average BMI, waist circumference, mid-upper arm circumference, and systolic blood pressure were increased significantly. The treatment group experienced a decrease in energy intake by 524.65±85.77 kcal while physical activity increased by 0.635±0.09. Conversely, the control group experienced an increase in energy intake by 147.29±25.18 kcal, while physical activity decreased by 0.470±0.08. Changes in energy intake and physical activity between the treatment group and the control group were identified as significant correlations (p<0.001). Similar to it, the changes in the BMI, waist circumference, mid-upper arm circumference, and significant systolic blood pressure were identified as significant correlations (p<0.001).
Application: The use of booklets can be a solution for the continuation of effective nutrition education as the nutritional information becomes easier to be comprehended and adapted by the booklet recipients and used in everyday life.

License

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Article Type: Original Article

https://doi.org/10.29333/ejgm/7884

ELECTRON J GEN MED, 2020 - Volume 17 Issue 5, Article No: em221

Publication date: 05 Apr 2020

Article Views: 1931

Article Downloads: 2116

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