The association between iron deficiency anemia and cognitive abilities among female university students
Shmookh Alhazmi 1 , Lamya Alshehri 1 , Manal Alyahya 1 , Reema AlMadani 1 , Rose Aboalrasheeed 1 , Reham Metwally 1 , Sara Alotaishan 1 , Rasha AlSheikh 2 , Ahmed Abdalla 3 , Omar Abuzaid 1 , Tunny Sebastian 1 , Arafat Mohammed Goja 1 *
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1 Department of Clinical Nutrition, Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, Dammam, SAUDI ARABIA2 Family and Community Medicine Center, Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, Dammam, SAUDI ARABIA3 University Counseling Center, Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, Dammam, SAUDI ARABIA* Corresponding Author

Abstract

Introduction: Iron deficiency is a serious condition occurring when the human body’s total iron is less than the normal amount (three-four g). This study aimed to find the prevalence of iron deficiency anemia (IDA) and its association with cognitive abilities among female students. A cross-sectional study was carried out on 198 female students recruited using convenience sampling from Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University.
Materials & methods: A food frequency questionnaire and cognitive abilities tests were used to collect the required information.
Results: The results showed that the prevalence of IDA was 27.4%. The cognitive abilities parameters of immediate memory, working memory, speed of attention, and accuracy of attention for 50.0% of the students were 24, 16, 194, and three, respectively.
Conclusions: No significant association between IDA and cognitive abilities was noted. Therefore, more studies are needed to explore the association between iron-supplemented diet and cognitive function.

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Article Type: Original Article

ELECTRON J GEN MED, 2024, Volume 21, Issue 2, Article No: em576

https://doi.org/10.29333/ejgm/14353

Publication date: 14 Mar 2024

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Article Downloads: 367

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