Sociodemographic and Health Predictors of Concern about COVID-19 Infection in Cuban Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Tomás Caycho-Rodríguez 1 * , Pablo D Valencia 2, Lindsey W Vilca 3, Ibraín Enrique Corrales-Reyes 4, Frank Hernández-García 5, Antonio Pupo Pérez 6, Patricia González Quintana 7, Enrique Rolando Pérez García 8, Luis Alberto Lazo Herrera 9, Michael White 10
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1 Universidad Privada del Norte, PERU
2 Facultad de Estudios Superiores Iztacala, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Tlanepantla de Baz, State of Mexico, MEXICO
3 Departamento de Psicología, Universidad Peruana Unión, Lima, PERU
4 Servicio de Cirugía Maxilofacial, Hospital General Universitario Carlos Manuel de Céspedes, Universidad de Ciencias Médicas de Granma, Bayamo, Granma, CUBA
5 Centro Provincial de Atención y Educación al Paciente Diabético, Hospital Provincial General Docente “Dr. Antonio Luaces Iraola”, Facultad de Ciencias Médicas “Dr. José Asse Yara”, Universidad de Ciencias Médicas de Ciego de Ávila, Ciego de Ávila, CUBA
6 Facultad de Ciencias Médicas “General Calixto García”, Universidad de Ciencias Médicas de La Habana, La Habana, CUBA
7 Facultad de Medicina No. 1 Universidad de Ciencias Médicas de Santiago de Cuba, Santiago de Cuba, CUBA
8 Policlínico Universitario Área Norte, Facultad de Ciencias Médicas “Dr. José Assef Yara”, Universidad de Ciencias Médicas de Ciego de Ávila, Ciego de Ávila, CUBA
9 Facultad de Ciencias Médicas “Dr. Ernesto Che Guevara de la Serna”, Universidad de Ciencias Médicas de Pinar del Río, Pinar del Río, CUBA
10 Facultad de Ciencias Humanas y Educación, Universidad Peruana Unión, Lima, PERU
* Corresponding Author


Introduction: Concern about becoming infected is a particularly relevant psychological aspect in the context of a pandemic, as it is associated with social reactions and behavioral changes.
Objectives: The present study sought to determine some sociodemographic and health factors associated with concern about COVID-19 infection in Cuban patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.
Methods: 203 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus, who attended nine primary care areas of four Cuban provinces belonging to different regions of the country (65.52% female, mean age 57.5, SD=19.2), selected through non-probabilistic sampling, participated in the study. A sociodemographic questionnaire, the COVID-19 contagion concern scale (PRE-COVID-19) and an evaluation of blood glucose level were applied. Bivariate associations were examined with a series of analyses of variance (ANOVA). Adjusted (multiple) regression with all predictors running simultaneously was also used.
Results: Bivariate analyses showed that age, sex, education, occupation, having comorbidities, and having a family member or friend who had COVID-19 were significantly related to COVID-19 contagion concern. However, when all variables were included simultaneously, only age, technical education, having comorbidities, and having a friend or family member who had COVID-19 remained significant predictors of concern about COVID-19 infection.
Conclusions: Male patients, with a technical level of education, with comorbidities and those who had infected family members or friends presented greater concern for the contagion of COVID-19. The public health policies should develop strategies to assess the mental health of people belonging to vulnerable groups and provide interventions to promote mental health in those who show concern about infection.


This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Article Type: Original Article

ELECTRON J GEN MED, 2022 - Volume 19 Issue 2, Article No: em360

Publication date: 27 Jan 2022

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