Prevalence of temporomandibular disorders in pregnancy
Özlem Solak 1 * , Nurten Turhan-Haktanır 2, Gülengül Köken 3, Hasan Toktas 1, Özkan Güler 4, Vural Kavuncu 1, Yavuz Demir 2
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1 Afyon Kocatepe University, Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Turkey
2 Afyon Kocatepe University, Department of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery, Turkey
3 Afyon Kocatepe University, Department of Obstetric and Gynecology, Turkey
4 Afyon Kocatepe University, Department of Psychiatry, Turkey
* Corresponding Author

Abstract

Aim: To determine if the prevalence of systemic joint hypermobility and temporomandibular disorders (TMD) is higher during pregnancy or not and also to confirm a correlation between systemic joint hypermobility and TMD. Methods: 70 pregnant and 40 age-matched non pregnant women were enrolled in the study. 30% of the pregnant women were in the first trimester of gestation, 34.3% of them were in the second, and 35.7% of them were in the third trimester. All of the subjects completed a self-administered questionnaire, and underwent a standardized clinical examination using the Research Diagnostic Criteria for TMD (RDC/TMD). Hypermobility was determined according to the criteria of Beighton et al. Results: 7.1% of the pregnant women and 7.5% of the non-pregnant women received an RDC/TMD Axis I diagnosis (p> 0.05). 31.4% of the pregnant women and 40% of the non-pregnant women had systemic joint hypermobility (p> 0.05). Among all subjects who received a RDC/TMD Axis I diagnosis, 35.3% had systemic joint hypermobility and among all subjects who did not meet criteria to receive a RDC/TMD Axis I diagnosis, 25% had systemic joint hypermobility (p> 0.05). Conclusion: The prevalence of TMD and systemic joint hypermobility were not high among pregnant women compared to age matched non-pregnant women. And we were not able to confirm a correlation between systemic joint hypermobility and TMD.

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Article Type: Original Article

https://doi.org/10.29333/ejgm/82674

EUR J GEN MED, 2009 - Volume 6 Issue 4, pp. 223-228

Publication date: 15 Oct 2009

Article Views: 926

Article Downloads: 595

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