Neurophysiological Changes in Patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Diseases
Recep Demir 1 * , Lütfi Özel 1, Gökhan Özdemir 1, İdris Kocatürk 1, Hızır Ulvi 1
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1 Ataturk University, Medical Faculty, Department of Neurology, Erzurum, Turkey
* Corresponding Author

Abstract

Peripheral neuropathy commonly occurs in patients with chronic obstructive lung disease (COPD). The aim of our study was to investigate the possible effects of COPD on the peripheral nervous system. We enrolled 31 patients (16 women and 15 men), mean age 66.12, with COPD into the study. Arterial oxygen tension (PaO2)> or = 65 mmHg was considered as the cut-off value designating tissue hypoxia. According to this cut-off value, the subjects were divided into two groups: Group I (n=16), PaO2< 65 mmHg and Group II (n=15), PaO2> or = 65 mmHg. In all patients and controls, motor and sensory nerve conductions were studied with an electromyogram (EMG). We detected neuropathy in 93,5% of the study patients on EMG. In the Group I, severity of neuropathy was correlated with the degree of hypoxemia, but no correlation was observed in the Group II. In conclusion, the incidence of sensorial neuropathy was more than expected, the rate of axonal neuropathy was significantly higher in the group I than group II and the severity of neuropathy was correlated with the degree of hypoxemia in group I. From these data we suggest that electrophysiological studies may be useful in assessing the peripheral neuropathy in patients with COPD.

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Article Type: Original Article

https://doi.org/10.15197/sabad.1.11.61

Eur J Gen Med, 2014 - Volume 11 Issue 3, pp. 153-156

Publication date: 15 Jul 2014

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Article Downloads: 88

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