Moderate or major anxiety and depression versus high alcohol consumption in women in Honduras
Eleonora Espinoza-Turcios 1 2 * , Carlos Antonio Sosa-Mendoza 2 3 , Lysien Ivania Zambrano 1 4 , Henry Noel Castro-Ramos 1 , José Armada 5 , Christian R Mejia 6
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1 Faculty of Medical Sciences, National Autonomous University of Honduras, Tegucigalpa, HONDURAS2 Grupo de Salud Mental, Faculty of Medical Sciences, National Autonomous University of Honduras, Tegucigalpa, HONDURAS3 Honduran Institute for the Prevention of Alcoholism, Drug Addiction and Drug Dependency, Tegucigalpa, HONDURAS4 Grupo de Investigacion GRINVAR, HONDURAS5 Faculty of Business Sciences, Universidad Continental, Huancayo, PERU6 Universidad de Huánuco, Huánuco, PERU* Corresponding Author

Abstract

Introduction: The role of women in society is diverse and fundamental.
Objectives: To determine whether anxiety and moderate or major depression were associated with high alcohol consumption in Honduran women.
Methods: A cross-sectional and analytic study was conducted using the self-reporting questionnaire test as a screening tool for anxiety, depression, and alcohol consumption.
Results: Moderate or greater anxiety was more frequent among those with high alcohol consumption (aPR: 1.49; 95% CI: 1.09-2.04; p=0.013), was also frequent among those reporting violence at home (aPR: 1.63; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.36-1.94; p<0.001) and some history of mental pathology at home (aPR: 1.64; 95% CI: 1.44-1.87; p<0.001). Moderate or major depression was more frequent among those reporting violence at home (aPR: 1.54; 95% CI: 1.30-1.83; p<0.001) and having some history of mental pathology at home (aPR: 1.38; 95% CI: 1.18-1.63; p<0.001).
Conclusions: A significant association was observed between anxiety and high alcohol consumption in this population of women from Honduras.

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Article Type: Original Article

ELECTRON J GEN MED, 2024, Volume 21, Issue 2, Article No: em578

https://doi.org/10.29333/ejgm/14382

Publication date: 22 Mar 2024

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Article Downloads: 206

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