Long-term humoral and cellular responses elicited by Gam-COVID-Vac vaccine in hemodialysis patients: A prospective cohort study
Ekaterina Parshina 1 * , Alexey Zulkarnaev 2 , Alexey Tolkach 1 , Andrey Ivanov 1 , Pavel Kislyy 1
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1 Saint Petersburg State University Hospital, Saint-Petersburg, RUSSIA2 Moscow Regional Research and Clinical Institute, Moscow, RUSSIA* Corresponding Author

Abstract

Purpose: The aim of this study is to assess long-term immunogenicity of the recombinant adenoviruses 26 and 5 vector-based COVID-19 vaccine Gam-COVID-Vac (Sputnik V, developed by N. F. Gamaleya National Research Centre, Russia) in patients receiving maintenance hemodialysis (HD) compared to healthy subjects.
Materials & methods: A prospective cohort study included patients treated with maintenance HD (n=23) and healthy volunteers (n=28). The levels of anti-severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 specific IgG as well as specific T-cell responses were quantified in all participants at two time points: one and six months after complete vaccination. All participates were adults, had been vaccinated twice with Gam-COVID-Vac and had no prior history of confirmed COVID-19.
Results: In both groups, IgG levels decreased from month one to six, however, antibodies did not decline more rapidly in HD group (analysis of variance p=0.7214 for the “time×group” interaction, non-adjusted model). At the end of the study, 48.0% of non-HD and 67.0% of HD participants showed T-cell positivity. T-spot counts dropped over time in non-HD controls, but not in HD subjects (p=0.0080 and p=0.1800, respectively).
Conclusions: Patients receiving HD maintain significant long-term humoral response after Gam-COVID-Vac vaccination, which is comparable to that in subjects with normal kidney function. Cellular response turned up to be more sustained over time in HD group.

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Article Type: Original Article

ELECTRON J GEN MED, Volume 21, Issue 4, August 2024, Article No: em597

https://doi.org/10.29333/ejgm/14786

Publication date: 09 Jul 2024

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