Rhabdomyolysis is a potentially life-threatening syndrome resulting from the breakdown of skeletal muscle fibers with leakage of muscle contents into the circulation. We report a case of a 24-year-old woman with hypocalcemia which occured after a thyroidectomy operation. This hypocalcemia was severe enough to cause convulsion, rhabdomyolysis and acute renal failure. The reason of severe hypocalcemia in our case may be multifactorial; hypoparathyroidism, rhabdomyolysis and acute renal failure. The development of hypocalcemia, convulsion attacks, rhabdomyolysis and acute renal failure occurring in the patient after iatrogenic hypoparathyroidism has rendered the case interesting due to the rarity of such developments.