Fire burns matter: A case-control study of severe accidental burns in pediatric patients
Christian Rojas-Contreras 1 , Gabriel De la Cruz-Ku 2 * , Miguel Eduardo Eyzaguirre-Sandoval 2 3 , Diego Chambergo-Michilot 2 , J Smith Torres-Roman 4
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1 Instituto Nacional del Niño San Borja, Lima, PERU2 Universidad Científica del Sur, Lima, PERU3 Sociedad Científica de Estudiantes de Medicina Humana, Lima, PERU4 South American Center for Education and Research in Public Health, Universidad Norbert Wiener, Lima, PERU* Corresponding Author

Abstract

Objective: We aimed to identify factors associated with severe accidental burns in patients ≤12 years old.
Materials and methods: We conducted a matched case-control study, in which we retrospectively reviewed the medical records of children treated in a single institution from 2014-2016. We classified the cases (patients with severe burns) and controls (patients with non-severe burns) according to the criteria of the American Burn Association. We used multivariate conditional logistic regression analysis to identify the relationship between the etiology of burns and their severity.
Results: We reviewed 180 cases and 90 controls. The most common etiology of burns was boiling water in both cases (65.6%) and controls (83.3%). Most burns occurred inside the home (84.1%) and in the afternoon (37.4%). Multivariate analysis identified that severe burns were mainly due to exposure to fire (odds ratio [OR]: 3.22, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.53-6.81). Similarly, these patients were more likely to live in a rural area (OR: 2.96, 95% CI: 1.17-6.19).
Conclusions: In pediatric patients ≤12 years of age severe accidental burns are more likely to be caused by fire compared to boiling water. Public health interventions should focus on populations located in rural areas.

License

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Article Type: Original Article

ELECTRON J GEN MED, 2023, Volume 20, Issue 1, Article No: em432

https://doi.org/10.29333/ejgm/12650

Publication date: 01 Jan 2023

Online publication date: 17 Nov 2022

Article Views: 1019

Article Downloads: 1324

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