Eruptive Xanthomas in a Patient with Metabolic Syndrome
Emine Colgecen 1 * , Hatice Yildiz 2, Kemal Ozyurt 3, Caner Ozbey 4, Hanife Icigen 5, Ragip Ertas 3
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1 Bozok University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Dermatology, Yozgat, Turkey
2 Niğde State Hospital, Department of Dermatology, Niğde, Turkey
3 Kayseri Training and Research Hospital, Department of Dermatology, Kayseri, Turkey
4 Niğde State Hospital, Department of Pathology, Niğde, Turkey
5 Niğde State Hospital, Department of Internal Medicine, Niğde, Turkey
* Corresponding Author

Abstract

Eruptive xanthomas are characterized by large numbers of yellow papules, typically 1-4 m in size, sometimes with an erythematous halo, sometimes pruritic, of sudden onset and generally observed on the extensor surfaces of the extremities. These are seen in less than 0.1% of diabetic patients. Diabetes mellitus is the most common secondary cause of type 5 hyperlipoproteinemia, a form of chylomcronemia. Eruptive xanthomas generally emerge at triglyceride levels above 2000 mg/dL proceeding with chylomicronemia. This case report of a 36-year-old woman diagnosed with eruptive xanthoma on the basis of clinical and histopathological findings is presented in order to emphasize that these are an important finding of diseases associated with metabolic syndrome, such as diabetes mellitus and hypertriglyceridemia.

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Article Type: Case Report

https://doi.org/10.29333/ejgm/81912

Eur J Gen Med, 2016 - Volume 13 Issue 3, pp. 70-71

Publication date: 06 Aug 2016

Article Views: 772

Article Downloads: 747

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