Effects of hepatitis C virus infection on haematocrite and haemoglobin levels in Egyptian hemodialysis patients
Alaa Sabry 1 * , Khaled El-Dahshan 1, Khaled Mahmoud 1, Amr El-Husseini 1, Hussein Sheashaa 1, Hamdy Abo-Zenah 2
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1 Mansoura University, Mansoura Urology and Nephrology Center, Nephrology and Internal Medicine Departments, Egypt
2 Menuifiya University, Faculty of Medicine, Egypt
* Corresponding Author

Abstract

Aim: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is common among the Egyptians. This prevalence is higher among hemodialysis (HD) patients in whom anemia is a common finding. Recently, some case reports and few studies indicated that red cell status increased after hepatitis C viral infection among HD patients. The aim of our study is to investigate whether HCV-positive HD patients have higher hemoglobin (Hb) and hematocrit (HCT) values compared to HCV-negative patients. Methods: Ninety-nine chronic (HD) patients were the subject of this study. Their HCV status was determined by anti-HCV antibodies and confirmed with RNA polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Those with a history of blood transfusion or massive blood loss during the last 6 months were excluded from the study. Results: 70.7% of our patients tested positive for anti-HCV antibody (56.9 % were male). The mean age for HCV positive group was (40.41±14.17 years) while it was (47.35±19.18 years) for HCV negative group (P=0.08). HCV positive group has a longer hemodialysis duration (66.54 ± 43.92 months) compared to HCV negative patients (30.96±23.17 months, P=0.006). Mean Hb was similar in HCV-positive compared to HCV negative group (10.32±2.03 versus 10.22±1.52 gm/dl respectively) (P=0.63). Mean HCT values were also similar in both groups being 30.94± 6.089% in HCV positive versus 30.77± 4.53% in HCV negative group, respectively (P= 0.094). Fifty-five patients (39 HCV positive and 16 were HCV negative) received erythropoietin (EPO) therapy whilst only twenty patients received IV iron. Mean Erythropoietin dose was 5000±2236.06 Units/week in HCV- positive patients versus 6250±2720.29 Units /week in HCV - negative group (P=0.09). Liver function tests were normal except for alanine aminotransferase (ALT) that was significantly higher among HCV-positive compared to HCV-negative patients (31.75±36.4 vs 15.1±7.21 U/L, P=0.05). Conclusion: HCV-positive and HCV-negative Egyptian chronic hemodialysis patients have comparable hemoglobin as well as hematocrit levels and the erythropoietin dose was not influential as its lower value in HCV-positive patients did not reach a statistically significant level.

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Article Type: Original Article

https://doi.org/10.29333/ejgm/82414

EUR J GEN MED, 2007 - Volume 4 Issue 1, pp. 9-15

Publication date: 15 Jan 2007

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