Effects of a Stanol-Enriched Yogurt on Plasma Cholesterol Levels
Yavuz Furuncuoglu 1 * , Melih Basar 1, Süleyman Alıcı 1, Cihan Sengul 1
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1 Medicalpark Goztepe Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey
* Corresponding Author

Abstract

Plant stanols have been recommended in combination with individualized dietary interventions to reduce plasma cholesterol concentrations. Even though yogurt is consumed in high quantities in Turkey, it is unclear whether yogurts with plant stanols will reduce high cholesterol levels in a Turkish population. We designed this study to settle this issue. We investigated the effect of plant stanols in yogurt, combined with the traditional Mediterranean diet (TMD), in subjects with high lipid levels. 100 patients were included: 50 in the intervention group and 50 in the control group. Neither the subjects nor the control group were taking any medication for cholesterol. The intervention group received 100 mls of stanol-enriched yogurt, while the control group received the same amount of yogurt without plant stanols. All subjects maintained TMD. Total cholesterol and LDL cholesterol levels decreased significantly in the stanol group (12.9%, 14.9%, respectively). In the control group, a slight decrease in LDL cholesterol (3.3%) was observed. The changes in total and LDL cholesterol between the two groups were significantly different (p=0.01). Intensive dietary intervention with the addition of plant stanols results in a clinically relevant reduction of total and LDL cholesterol in patients with high lipid levels.

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Article Type: Original Article

https://doi.org/10.15197/sabad.1.11.77

EUR J GEN MED, 2014 - Volume 11 Issue 4, pp. 230-234

Publication date: 15 Oct 2014

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