COVID-19 pandemic, medical attention, and self-care of patients with type 2 diabetes at a Peru-based hospital: An analytical cross-sectional study
Jorge Calderón-Ticona 1 2 , Kennlly Josseph Cardoza-Jiménez 1 * , Giannina Katiza Quispe-Pachas 1 2 , Christian R Mejia 3
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1 Archbishop Loayza National Hospital, Lima, PERU2 Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos, Lima, PERU3 Universidad Norbert Wiener, Lima, PERU* Corresponding Author

Abstract

Background: To determine the association between coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19), medical attention and self-care of patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) at the Archbishop Loayza National Hospital.
Methods: This analytical cross-sectional study, involved interviewing 181 T2DM patients and recording their actions regarding three aspects–self-care measures, medical care, and spending on medicines–before and during the pandemic. The relationships between the variables were established using descriptive and analytical statistics.
Results: During the pandemic, self-care decreased to 37%; 26% had access to medical care. Patients in the provinces experienced better self-care (Lima: 35%; Provinces: 61%; p=0.002). Patients with comorbidities also took good care of themselves (with comorbidities: 41%; without comorbidities: 29%; p=0.036).
Conclusions: COVID-19 had a negative influence on T2DM patients regarding self-care and medical care. One out of four patients received medical care. Additionally, being outside Lima and having comorbidities were associated with better self-care during the pandemic.

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Article Type: Original Article

ELECTRON J GEN MED, 2023, Volume 20, Issue 4, Article No: em498

https://doi.org/10.29333/ejgm/13184

Publication date: 01 Jul 2023

Online publication date: 12 Apr 2023

Article Views: 820

Article Downloads: 565

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