Coagulation, fibrinolytic and cytokines parameters response to weight reduction in obese subjects
Shehab M. Abd El-Kader 1, Osama H. Al-Jiffri 2
More Detail
1 Department of Physical Therapy, Faculty of Applied Medical Sciences, King Abdulaziz University, Saudi Arabia
2 Department of Medical Laboratory Technology, Faculty of Applied Medical Sciences, King Abdulaziz University, Saudi Arabia

Abstract

Introduction:
Background: Obesity is a major risk factor for developing cardiovascular disorders due to increased platelets count and platelets activation. Objective: The aim of this study was to measure the influence of weight loss on the coagulation and fibrinolysis parameters among obese patients.

Material and Methods:
One hundred obese subjects of both genders (mean age 46.72± 3.13 year) selected from the Internal Medicine Department at King Abdul Aziz University Teaching Hospital, their body mass index (BMI) ranged from 32 to 36 Kg/m2. Participants enrolled randomly into two study groups; the first group (A) received aerobic exercises and diet regimen for three months, while the second group (B) received no exercise training or diet regimen for three months.

Results:
Mean values of von Willbrand factor antigen (vWF-Ag), fibrinogen, plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 antigen (PAI-1:Ag) and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 activity (PAI-1:Ac), tumor necrotic factor-alpha (TNF-α), Interleukin – 6 (IL-6) and body mass index (BMI), while the mean values of partial thromboplastin time (PTT), prothrombin time (PT), tissue plasminogen activator antigen (tPA:Ag) and tissue plasminogen activator activity (tPA:Ac) increased significantly after 3 months in group (A) as a result of weight reduction program. However, the mean values of all investigated parameters of group (B) had no significant changes. Moreover, comparison between both groups had statistical significant differences in all investigated parameters at the end of the study (P<.05).

Conclusions:
weight reduction program modulates systemic inflammation, fibrinolytic and coagulation of obese subjects.

License

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Article Type: Original Article

https://doi.org/10.29333/ejgm/81730

EUR J GEN MED, 2018 - Volume 15 Issue 1, pp. 27-32

Publication date: 03 Jan 2018

Online publication date: 29 Dec 2017

Article Views: 1158

Article Downloads: 658

Open Access Disclosures References How to cite this article