Cardiac Congenital Pathologies More Frequent in Children in a Hospital of Guayaquil (Ecuador)
Nancy Jácome Guerrero 1, Arianna Soto Andrade 1, Carlos Jácome Pilco 2, Darwin Núñez Torrres 2 *
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1 Universidad Católica Santiago de Guayaquil, Av. Pdte. Carlos Julio Arosemena Tola, CP: 090615, Guayaquil, ECUADOR
2 Universidad Estatal de Bolívar, Centro de Investigación y Desarrollo Biotecnológico, CP: 020150, Guaranda, ECUADOR
* Corresponding Author

Abstract

Congenital heart diseases (CHD) are structural malformations of the heart or large vessels, which cause a functional impairment, present at birth, being discovered at that time or during the course of the life of the carrier. CHD are a group of complex diseases that cause a serious public health problem. the objective of the work was, to identify the most frequent congenital heart malformations in children under 1 year of age in the general hospital of the north IESS Los Ceibos of the city of Guayaquil (Ecuador) in the period July 2017- January 2018. The data of this investigation were taken from pediatric patients by reviewing medical records. In the study period, 35,105 pediatric care visits were made to children under 1 year of age. Around 1.025 (2.92%) cases of congenital malformations were detected, of which 108 corresponded to congenital heart malformations (CHD), that is, 10.53% of the malformations observed were of the CHD type. The most frequent cardiac congenital malformations in children under 1 year old are non-cyanotic congenital cardiac malformations (NC) with a total of 102 cases (94%) and 6 cases (6%). they correspond to congenital cardiac malformations (C), being these less frequent.

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Article Type: Original Article

https://doi.org/10.29333/ejgm/7889

Electron J Gen Med, 2020 - Volume 17 Issue 5, Article No: em226

Publication date: 05 Apr 2020

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