Purpose: This study aims to investigate the relationship between anthropometric and body composition measurement with the risk of hypertension among office workers.
Methodology: This study was a cross-sectional study in office workers population in Universitas Ahmad Dahlan. The subjects of the study were 125 persons (72 males and 53 females) aged 20 - 60 years. The measurement of anthropometry was using an electronic digital scale for weight, microtoise for height, and meter line for waist circumference. In analysing body composition such as total body fat and visceral fat, we were using Bioelectrical Impendence Analyzer (BIA) Body Composition Monitor Omron Karada Scan HBF-375. Blood pressure was measured by an automatic blood pressure monitor OMRON HEM-7120. Hypertension was classified if the blood pressure of systolic ≥140 and diastolic ≥90. The association between risk factors variables and hypertension status was analysed by chi-square test and multiple logistic regression.
Results: The prevalence of hypertension was found 18.6% in male and 13.21% in female. All risk factors were similar between male and female (p>0.05). Body mass index (BMI), waist to hip ratio (WHtR), and total body fat were not statistically significant with hypertension status (p>0.05). The statistically significant risk factors of hypertension only found in waist circumference and visceral fat (p=0.036; p=0.002). Results of multivariate analysis, visceral fat remains significant in predicting hypertension, with 4.87 times higher risk of having hypertension in workers if having high visceral fat (95% CI 1.722-13.7831)
Applications/Originality/Value: This study shows that the prevalence of pre-hypertension and hypertension among workers were high. Thus, controlling modifiable risk factors is very important. Maintain the waist circumference and visceral fat in normal range with proper healthy lifestyle were needed especially in office workers.