A narrative review of cutaneous manifestations and imaging landmarks of breast cancer
Raul Mihailov 1 2 , Alin Laurentiu Tatu 1 3 , Elena Niculet 1 2 , Laura Rebegea 1 2 , Corina Manole 1 2 * , Mihaela Craescu 1 2 , Camelia Busila 1 , Laura Iuliana Candussi 1 , Valerii Lutenco 2 , Oana Mariana Mihailov 1 * , Monica Moraru 1 2 , Marius Paduraru 2 , Floris Cristian Stanculea 4 , Tiberiu-Ioan Mihalache 1 2
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1 Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy, Dunarea de Jos University, Galati, ROMANIA2 Emergency County Hospital “Sf. Apostol Andrei” Galati, Galati, ROMANIA3 Clinical Infectious Diseases Hospital Galati, Galati, ROMANIA4 Carol Davila University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Bucuresti, ROMANIA* Corresponding Author


Breast cancer is the most prevalent form of malignancy among women worldwide. Breast cancer can emerge on the skin in two ways: directly, as skin metastases or a direct extension of the tumor; or indirectly, as a paraneoplastic disease. Breast cancer imaging is an essential part of breast cancer screening, diagnosis, preoperative/treatment assessment, and follow-up. The selection of optimal imaging modalities should be contingent upon the patient’s risk factors and breast density since breast cancer imaging necessitates a personalized approach rather than a universal solution. There are a lot of different skin conditions that point to breast cancer, either as a sign of recurring disease, undiagnosed breast cancer, or a condition that puts you at a higher risk of getting it. Even though reconstruction has been shown to improve quality of life for many women, there are still a lot of complicated factors that affect morbidity and results.


This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Article Type: Review Article

ELECTRON J GEN MED, 2024, Volume 21, Issue 1, Article No: em566


Publication date: 16 Jan 2024

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