Paediatric sedation during upper gastrointestinal endoscopy: Comparison of propofol + ketamine vs sodium thiopental + fentanyl
Alireza Takzare 1 2, Mehrdad Goudarzi 1, Anahid Maleki 1, Alireza Ebrahim Soltani 1 * , Fariba Kaheh 1, Sagar Arab 1, Ebrahim Espahbodi 1
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1 MD, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2 Anaesthesiology Department, Children’s Hospital Medical Centre, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
* Corresponding Author

Abstract

Background:
Different drug regimens can be used for management of anxiety before endoscopy. This study aimed to compare the sedation effects of propofol+ketamine (PK) and sodium thiopental+fentanyl (TF) in children during upper gastrointestinal (UGI) endoscopy.

Methods:
A triple-blind clinical trial was conducted on 88 children aged 2-12 years who were candidate for UGI endoscopy at Children’s Medical Centre, Tehran, Iran, during 2012-2013. It was administered propofol (2.1 mg/kg) + ketamine (1 mg/kg) and 100% oxygen in PK group, and thiopental (5 mg/kg) + fentanyl (1 mg/kg) in TF group. The haemodynamic status and degree of sedation by Ramsay’s criteria were measured.

Results:
The mean age in PK and TF groups was 92.2±38.2 and 98.6±49.5 months, respectively. The systolic blood pressure and heart rate significantly increased and decreased in PK and TF groups during the procedure, respectively. The frequency of Ramsay's Sedation Scales of 5 and 6 were respectively 72.7% and 27.3% for PF, and 54.5% and 45.5% for TF group (p=0.076).

Conclusion:
Although both groups were similar in the degree of sedation, PK can be a more appropriate choice for sedation in children with special diseases undergoing endoscopy due to small changes in haemodynamic parameters and, consequently, their higher stability.

License

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Article Type: Original Article

https://doi.org/10.29333/ejgm/93466

Electron J Gen Med, 2018 - Volume 15 Issue 6, Article No: em99

Publication date: 10 Dec 2018

Online publication date: 14 Jul 2018

Article Views: 191

Article Downloads: 43

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