Association of risk factors with the development of gross motor skills
Piedad Rocío Lerma Castaño 1, Diana Paola Montealegre Suárez 1 * , Marcos Roberto Tovani-Palone 2 *
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1 Fundación Universitaria María Cano, Neiva, Colombia
2 Ribeirão Preto Medical School, University of São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto, Brazil
* Corresponding Author

Abstract

Introduction:
Proper development of gross motor skills in early childhood is considered as an important factor for the child’s development.

Objectives:
To determine the risk factors that influence the development of gross motor skills in children from 1 to 5 years of age from Neiva, Huila, Colombia.

Methods:
This was a descriptive, observational, cross-sectional study. The sample was composed of 240 children. The Abbreviated Development Scale (ADS) -3 was used for the assessment of gross motor skills. Furthermore, a questionnaire was designed to assess perinatal (prenatal and postnatal) risks, which was completed by mothers of children who participated in the study.

Results:
Around 15% of the assessed children in our study presented any risk (10.8%) or suspicion of developmental problems (3.8%) in gross motor skills. This was related to different factors including month of the first pregnancy visit, gestation time, important health conditions of the children and constant falls.

Conclusion:
The need for both clinical follow-up and implementation of effective health programs for children with delay in motor development should be very relevant.

License

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Article Type: Original Article

https://doi.org/10.29333/ejgm/112296

Electron J Gen Med, 2019 - Volume 16 Issue 5, Article No: em153

Publication date: 11 Sep 2019

Article Views: 147

Article Downloads: 66

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