ORIGINAL ARTICLE
The effect of hydroalcoholic extract of Cannabis Sativa on morphology and growth of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells in rat
 
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1
Department of Biology, Fars Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Shiraz, Iran
2
Department of Biology, Shiraz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Shiraz, Iran,
3
Burn and Wound Healing Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
4
Laparascopy Research Center, Department of Surgery Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Davood Mehrabani   

Burn and Wound Healing Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
Publish date: 2018-03-03
 
Electron J Gen Med 2018;15(3):em32
KEYWORDS
ABSTRACT
Background:
One of the most important issues in cellular therapies is the examination of stem cells in different conditions. Given the increasing use of herbal drugs and herbal medicines and the potential effects of herbs on various diseases, the study of stem cells in the mediums of these compounds seems to be necessary.

Aims:
The current paper was to evaluate the effect of cannabis sativa extract on morphology, growth and maintenance of the characteristics of rat bone marrow stem cells.

Methods:
In this study, rat bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells were used. The effect of cannabis extract in different concentrations on cell morphology was investigated through microscopic observations and cytogenetic methods. In the context of the study of bioavailability and growth process, we used the mtt assay test and calculated the cell population doubling time and the growth curve plotting.

Results:
The results show that cannabis extract increases the proliferation of rat bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells compared to control group. Also, the effect of cannabis extract is dependent on its dose. The treated cells with a concentration of 100 ng / ml cannabis extract had the highest growth rate compared to control (P˂.050).

 
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