Specific features of self-perception and anxiety of a woman with pathology of pregnancy
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Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University, Moscow, Russia
Moscow State Regional University, Moscow, Russia
Moscow State University of Civil Engineering, Moscow, Russia
Kosygin State University of Russia, Moscow, Russia
Mordovian State Pedagogical Institute named after M.E. Evsev’ev, Saransk, Russia
Ulyanovsk State University, Ulyanovsk, Russia
Publish date: 2018-07-10
Electron J Gen Med 2018;15(4):em62
The purpose of the article is to describe the empirical research of self-perception and emotional state of a woman with a pathology of pregnancy. At present, reproductive problems, both in women and men, are quite widespread in the world. According to the WHO data there are about 80 million couples in the world who have some difficulties in conception, carrying and giving birth to children. The reproductive health impairment is becoming one of the main problems of modern society, and consequently, the number of psychological problems also increases, because the inability to conceive or carry a baby safely, provided that there is a conscious desire to have children, is one of the most difficult life situations.

The leading method to investigate this problem is diagnostic and static methods that allow us to identify the presence of specific features in self-perception and emotional state of a woman during her pregnancy, focusing specifically on the psychological characteristics of women with pregnancy pathologies.

Based on the results of the empirical research, the hypothesis put forward about the presence of the specific features in self-perception and anxiety levels of pregnant women without pathologies and women with pathology of pregnancy was confirmed. Women with pregnancy pathology are less likely to feel self-confidence, they have lowered self-acceptance, but compared to women without pathology of pregnancy, the subjects often blame themselves for the situation that happened, they start to be responsive to their health and react to any bodily changes.

Psychological support and guidance of pregnant women at maternity welfare centers (level I) should focus on the formation of personal and social perception of the concepts “I am pregnant” and “My child”; at antenatal clinics of maternity hospitals (II level) - to focus on the formation of rational ideas about the emerged pathology of pregnancy.

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