Prevalence of Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) in Relation to Its Promotive Factors among Human Urban Population of Multan, Pakistan
Muhammad Ali 1  
Lubna Kanwal 2,  
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PhD, Wales UK
M.Sc., Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan, Pakistan
M.Phil., Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan, Pakistan
M. Phil., Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan, Pakistan
Online publish date: 2009-04-15
Publish date: 2009-04-15
Eur J Gen Med 2009;6(2):94–98
Aim: The present study was carried out to assess the prevalence of hepatitis C virus (HCV) in relation to sex, age, promotive factors, associated symptoms and season among human urban population of Multan, Pakistan for a period of 28 months from June 2003 - October 2005. Method: The present study was based on the data, collected randomly from the human population aging from 1-72 years. The population was divided into three age groups i.e old (age above 50 years), mature (age 13-50 years) and young (age below 13 years). Results: The results from the present study suggested that among the observed urban population of Multan (n= 1166), prevalence of HCV was (6.68%). The prevalence of HCV when studied in different age groups of both sexes, it was found that prevalence of HCV was maximum (8.92%) in mature males as compared to young males (6.66%) and old males (7.69%). The prevalence of hepatitis C was higher (5.68%) in old females as compared to mature females (5.03%) and young females (5.17%). Conclusion: The main promotive factors for HCV were contaminated barber, parlor tools (23.07%), unscreened blood transfusion (17.94%), contaminated dentist equipments (17.94%), infected syringes (15.38%), and contaminated surgery equipment (12.82%). The reported cases of HCV positive patients were maximum in summer (76.92%) as compared to (23.07%) in winter
Muhammad Ali   
(PhD Wales, UK) Institute of Pure and Applied Biology, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan, Pakistan.