ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Cyberbulling as a new form of a threat: a physiological, psychological and medicinal aspects
 
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1
Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University, Moscow, Russia
2
Federal State Budgetary Educational Institution of Higher Education, «Moscow Pedagogical State University», Moscow, Russia
3
Moscow Region State University, Moscow, Russia
4
Plekhanov Russian University of Economics, Moscow, Russia
5
Russian State Social University, Moscow, Russia
6
Ulyanovsk State University, Ulyanovsk, Russia
Online publish date: 2019-11-15
Publish date: 2019-11-15
 
Electron J Gen Med 2019;16(6):em161
KEYWORDS
ABSTRACT
Objectives:
Our goal is to study the effect of the phenomenon of cyberbullying on teenagers and teenagers at the physiological, psychological and medical level, as well as to determine the content of medical and psychological prevention of cyberbullying. The goal of the study determined our objectives: to determine the theoretical approaches to the substantiation of the phenomenon of “cyberbullying”; to identify methods and means of assistance to a teenager who has become a victim of cyberbullying at the physiological, psychological and medical level; to describe the activities of a specialist to provide assistance and follow-up for a teenager who has become a victim of cyberbullying.

Materials:
In solving these tasks, the following research methods were used: system analysis and synthesis of international and domestic literature on the research problem; systematization of facts; the analysis of regulations; psychophysiological diagnostics (tеpping-test, kopping-test, Dot cancellation test), psychological research methods (survey in the form of questioning, testing).

Results:
We can draw a conclusion about the causal interdependence of psychological, physiological and clinical and the consequences of cyberbullying for teenagers. Most teenagers who were victims of cyberbullying have a high and medium level of anxiety (which indicates their inherent increased anxiety, which may be accompanied by depression, isolation, unwillingness to maintain existing social contacts and make new ones); a decrease in activity and, as a result, a decrease in school performance; a high level of frustration (which is accompanied by such negative emotions as disappointment, irritation, a teenager has a general sense of wreck); high and medium level of constriction (teenagers with a high level of constriction have significant difficulties in the process of adaptation, which significantly affects the social side of their lives and significantly affects the resolution of emerging problems).

Conclusions:
When providing assistance to teenagers clinical psychologist need to rely on the following principles: systemic; subject-subjectivity, or communication; adaptation and endurance; safety and reliability. These principles will work successfully if the following individual and group methods of psychotherapy are used: creating a new cognitive model of life activity; affective reassessment of traumatic experience; restoration of a sense of self-esteem and the ability to exist in the world; colloquial psychotherapy (logotherapy, which involves the coincidence of verbal argumentation and the internal state of a teenager, leading to self-realization, when a teenager focuses on personal experiences, thoughts, feelings, desires); game therapy, art therapy, music therapy (through the perception of music), vocal therapy (through singing); kinesitherapy and psychodrama.

 
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